AN ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS’ SKILL IN WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE EIGHTH GRADE OF SMPN 7 TAMBUSAI UTARA
Keywords:Analysis, Writing Skill, Descriptive Text
AbstractThe purpose of this research was to find out the students’ skill in writing descriptive text. This research was designed as descriptive quantitative research and it was conducted at SMPN 7 Tambusai Utara which is located in Rokan Hulu Regency on January 25th, 2017. The number of sample in this research was 40 students which was taken from the eighth grade students. In this research, the researcher used writing test as the instrumentation of the research where the students were asked to write a descriptive text based on the topics given to them.In this research, the researcher analyzed 5 components of descriptive tekxt written by the students such as content, organization, grammar, vocabulary and mechanic. To measure students’ skill, the researcher was helped by 3 raters where the result of the analysis showed that in the content of writing, students’ average score was 53,72 and it can be classified into the poor level. In the organization of writing, students’ average score was 50,47 and it can be classified into the poor level. In the grammar of writing, students’ average score was 53,31 and it can be classified into the poor level. In the vocabulary, students’ average score was 52,87 and it can be classified into the poor level. In the mechanics, students’ average score was 52,72 and it can be classified into the poor level. From those results, the researcher found that the students’ average score in writing descriptive text was 51,87 and it means their writing skill in descriptive text can be categorized in the poor level.
Abdullah, Ahmad Taufik Hidayah (2013). Error Analysis on the Use of Simple Tense and Simple Past Tense in Writing Essay Among TESL College Students. International Journal of Education Research. Vol. 1 No 12.http:// www.ijern.com/journal/December- 2013/29.pdf. Retrieved, April 20th, 2015.
Alawi, Fikri Fauzi (2011). Improving Students Ability in Writing Descriptive Text Using Clustering Technique. Journal of English Language Teaching. Vol 2. No 2. 2011.
Allen, W. S. (1973). Living English Structure. London: Longman Group Ltd.
Arikunto, S. (2002). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.
Azar, B. S. ( 1989). Understanding and Using English Grammar. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regents.
Brown, H. D. ( 1980). Principles of Language and Teaching. New Jersey: PrenticeHall, inc.
Callaghan, M. (1988). “Descriptive Writing,”in Macmillan English: Thinking and Writing Processes. Lake Forest: Glencoe. Macmillan, Mc. Graus Hill
Cook, S. and S. W. Richard, (1980). The Scope of Grammar: The study of Modern Grammar. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company.
Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2003). Kurikulum 2004 : Standar Kompetensi. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
Ellis, Rod & Barkhuizen, Patrick (2005). Analysing Learner Language. Oxford University Press.
Gay, L.R. (1987). Eduactional Research; Competencies for Analysis and Application. London: Merril Publishing Company.
Hongqin, Zhang (2014). Academic Writing Instructionfor EFL Undergraduation: An Intelextuality Approach. International Journal of English and Education. ISSN 2278-4012. Vol 4. April 2014.
Hugley, Mario (1983). Basic Writing for the Middle School Students. EnglewoodCliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Koentjaraningrat, ( 1986). Metode – Metode Penelitian Masyarakat. Jakarta: PT.Gramedia.
Krohn, Robert (1971). Foreign Language Study. New York : American Book Company.
Pardiyono, M. (2006). Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan. Bandung: RemajaRosdakarya.
Praninskas, J. ( 1980). Rapid Review of English Grammar. New Jersey : Prentice Hall, Inc.
Prayogo, Arif (2009). Using Mind Mapping In Teaching Descriptive Writing At Seventh Grade Students Of SMP Riyadlul Jannah Bogor.
Rass, Heinrich (2001). Difficulties in Teaching and Learning Grammar in an EFL Context. International Journal of Instruction. July 2001. Vol 4. No. 2. P- ISSN : 1694-609X.
Ulfah, Nurul (2010). Teaching How to Write Descriptive Text Using Descriptive Video.
Wishon, G.E. and J. M. Burks, ( 1980). Let’s Write English. New York: American Book Company.
Zumakhsin, Greetha. (2005). English Language Teaching. London: Sangam Books Ltd.